Inmates in custody of State or Federal Correctional Facilities,1999-2015

Inmates in custody of state or federal correctional facilities, including private prison facilities, December 31, 1999-2015

Bureau of Justice Statistics
Inmates in custody of state or federal correctional facilities, including private prison facilities, December 31, 1999-2015
Author(s): E. Ann Carson
Data source(s): National Prisoner Statistics Program
Refer questions to: askbjs@usdoj.gov or 202-307-0765
Date of version: 9/23/2016
Inmates in custody of state or federal correctional facilities, including private prison facilities, December 31, 1999-2015/a
Jurisdiction 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
U.S. total 1,281,560 1,317,304 1,329,806 1,367,361 1,394,115 1,421,816 1,447,435 1,488,380 1,513,390 1,522,953 1,524,650 1,521,413 1,504,986 1,483,913 1,485,266 1,479,300 1,444,926
Federal 125,682 140,064 149,852 158,216 168,144 177,600 186,364 190,844 197,285 198,414 205,087 206,968 214,774 216,915 214,989 209,561 195,622
State 1,155,878 1,177,240 1,179,954 1,209,145 1,225,971 1,244,216 1,261,071 1,297,536 1,316,105 1,324,539 1,319,563 1,314,445 1,290,212 1,266,998 1,270,277 1,269,739 1,249,304
Alabama 21,227 23,040 24,741 25,100 27,614 25,635 24,315 24,103 25,253 25,363 27,241 27,345 26,813 26,768 26,825 26,145 25,212
Alaska/b 3,916 4,140 4,570 4,351 4,472 4,534 4,798 5,052 5,151 4,997 5,472 5,369 6,216 6,308 5,081 6,323 5,247
Arizona 25,986 26,510 27,710 29,359 31,084 32,384 33,345 35,752 37,700 39,455 40,544 40,130 39,949 40,013 41,031 42,136 42,204
Arkansas 10,388 11,143 11,489 11,849 12,068 12,577 12,455 12,854 13,275 13,135 13,338 14,192 14,090 14,043 14,295 15,250 15,784
California 160,687 160,655 157,142 159,695 161,785 163,939 168,035 172,298 171,444 171,085 168,830 162,821 147,578 132,935 134,339 134,430 127,815
Colorado 12,995 16,754 17,278 18,636 19,450 19,655 21,063 22,051 22,666 23,211 22,725 22,752 21,862 20,328 20,184 20,469 19,959
Connecticut/b 16,987 16,671 17,507 18,716 18,023 17,993 17,928 18,902 19,438 19,905 18,938 18,629 17,877 17,164 17,319 16,814 16,024
Delaware/b 6,585 6,572 6,841 6,637 6,630 6,753 6,788 7,021 7,110 6,944 6,581 6,378 6,546 6,730 6,798 6,730 6,437
District of Columbia 8,652 6,127
Florida 69,596 71,319 72,404 75,210 79,594 83,165 86,559 90,377 95,187 99,878 101,373 102,070 100,861 99,835 100,940 100,873 99,485
Georgia/c 42,091 44,232 45,937 47,445 47,208 51,104 48,749 52,792 54,256 52,719 53,538 52,794 52,844 55,178 53,701 52,719 52,002
Hawaii/b 4,654 4,794 5,116 5,069 5,499 5,555 5,739 5,510 5,457 5,455 4,848 5,294 5,454 5,297 5,173 5,390 5,413
Idaho 4,234 4,970 5,270 5,451 5,558 5,758 6,249 6,665 7,055 7,033 7,184 7,235 7,470 7,715 7,219 7,497 7,238
Illinois 44,660 45,281 44,348 42,693 43,418 44,054 44,919 45,106 45,215 45,474 45,161 48,418 48,427 49,348 48,653 48,278 46,240
Indiana 18,085 19,701 19,646 20,349 21,345 21,984 22,760 24,901 25,137 26,392 26,748 27,273 27,402 28,034 28,495 32,493 30,790
Iowa 7,232 7,955 7,962 8,398 8,546 8,525 8,737 8,838 8,692 8,723 8,914 9,457 9,115 8,735 8,707 8,845 8,864
Kansas 8,569 8,352 8,574 8,967 9,168 8,991 9,090 8,833 8,721 8,556 8,644 9,055 9,330 9,505 9,610 9,539 9,533
Kentucky 12,825 11,033 10,720 11,583 11,660 13,322 14,904 15,589 15,364 15,260 14,984 14,501 14,001 12,998 12,141 12,114 11,959
Louisiana 19,174 19,361 19,660 20,010 19,498 19,470 19,371 20,815 20,461 20,857 19,889 19,008 18,844 18,601 18,794 18,710 18,447
Maine 1,661 1,647 1,675 1,855 1,974 2,013 1,970 2,083 2,148 2,047 2,074 1,954 1,978 1,977 2,073 2,199 2,190
Maryland 22,729 23,581 23,739 24,114 23,768 23,289 22,553 22,662 23,184 23,141 22,066 22,856 23,001 21,810 21,705 21,266 20,951
Massachusetts 10,632 10,335 10,203 9,879 9,828 9,825 10,348 10,773 11,071 11,174 11,156 11,162 11,467 11,127 10,622 10,447 9,493
Michigan 46,617 47,718 48,849 50,591 49,358 48,831 49,493 51,515 50,233 48,738 45,478 44,113 42,904 43,594 43,704 43,359 42,628
Minnesota 5,681 6,053 6,406 6,855 7,569 7,983 8,718 8,814 9,192 9,031 9,500 9,397 9,309 9,421 9,391 9,576 9,578
Mississippi 13,278 14,312 15,131 15,355 15,863 16,359 16,089 16,384 17,478 17,896 17,212 16,454 15,390 15,791 15,591 13,069 13,967
Missouri 26,160 27,385 28,575 29,795 29,864 30,682 30,415 30,116 29,823 30,137 30,519 30,577 30,969 31,205 31,499 31,903 32,295
Montana 2,367 2,557 2,795 2,870 3,053 2,703 2,822 2,948 2,909 2,910 3,085 3,137 3,125 3,095 3,125 3,119 3,176
Nebraska 3,566 3,810 3,915 4,048 4,073 4,137 4,405 4,399 4,402 4,470 4,490 4,608 4,657 4,721 5,012 5,228 5,133
Nevada 9,313 9,788 9,862 10,101 10,584 11,033 11,662 12,754 13,311 12,877 12,570 12,192 12,159 12,594 12,789 12,693 13,235
New Hampshire 2,247 2,283 2,419 2,475 2,427 2,443 2,423 2,676 2,759 2,854 2,915 2,617 2,423 2,568 2,623 2,723 2,661
New Jersey 27,165 26,559 26,052 26,301 25,718 25,435 25,619 25,554 25,354 24,835 24,115 24,488 23,642 23,050 22,263 21,394 20,294
New Mexico 5,052 5,319 5,668 5,991 6,223 6,403 6,571 6,639 6,429 6,321 6,584 6,659 6,687 6,640 6,767 6,948 7,104
New York 71,809 70,490 67,554 66,925 65,388 64,024 63,032 63,538 62,738 60,198 58,479 56,420 55,196 54,058 53,312 52,362 51,485
North Carolina 31,078 31,198 32,203 32,918 33,874 35,544 36,646 37,725 38,240 39,957 40,133 40,375 39,662 37,378 37,176 37,348 36,888
North Dakota 914 1,023 1,088 1,117 1,100 1,130 1,318 1,337 1,392 1,379 1,436 1,416 1,385 1,413 1,576 1,696 1,772
Ohio 46,619 45,505 44,868 45,284 44,350 44,150 45,189 48,482 49,894 50,884 50,783 51,709 50,961 50,872 51,711 51,521 52,240
Oklahoma 21,098 21,937 21,719 21,996 22,688 22,621 22,907 22,873 23,778 23,676 24,053 24,147 23,750 24,370 25,364 26,493 27,321
Oregon 9,427 10,139 10,950 11,650 12,207 12,652 12,887 13,191 13,373 13,541 13,735 13,859 13,728 14,123 14,605 14,492 14,655
Pennsylvania 36,457 36,784 37,641 39,724 40,879 40,506 41,941 43,971 45,530 48,736 50,485 48,087 49,710 50,228 49,971 49,174 48,846
Rhode Island/b 2,926 3,425 3,364 3,473 3,576 3,169 3,414 3,713 3,745 3,739 3,413 3,159 3,032 3,042 3,168 3,133 2,982
South Carolina 21,016 20,890 21,719 22,896 22,942 22,650 22,456 22,930 23,578 23,685 23,685 23,009 22,363 21,867 21,534 20,948 20,457
South Dakota 2,538 2,592 2,799 2,943 3,019 3,053 3,346 3,316 3,276 3,352 3,390 3,393 3,562 3,596 3,612 3,507 3,536
Tennessee 16,812 16,993 17,466 18,297 19,141 19,331 19,270 19,312 19,268 19,379 19,932 20,037 19,831 19,817 20,758 20,815 19,800
Texas 148,535 152,031 148,480 152,446 153,056 156,682 157,081 158,510 158,576 159,237 158,542 160,242 159,956 155,195 155,377 154,247 152,492
Utah 4,240 4,416 4,145 4,285 4,623 4,720 5,058 5,031 5,165 5,132 5,244 5,442 5,294 5,309 5,382 5,307 4,831
Vermont/b 1,135 1,310 1,400 1,361 1,491 1,968 2,078 2,215 2,116 2,116 2,220 2,079 2,053 2,034 2,078 1,979 1,750
Virginia 28,854 29,173 31,472 30,937 30,915 31,072 30,722 30,823 32,977 32,585 30,995 31,911 30,531 29,708 29,985 30,050 30,430
Washington 14,283 14,920 15,226 16,263 16,227 16,503 16,781 16,827 16,911 17,188 17,255 17,028 17,109 16,919 17,760 17,180 17,222
West Virginia 2,880 3,060 3,403 3,575 3,790 3,990 4,036 4,367 4,907 4,896 5,062 5,072 5,149 5,335 5,708 5,867 5,925
Wisconsin 18,707 19,855 20,766 21,666 22,153 22,152 21,921 22,564 22,839 22,282 22,262 22,033 22,388 22,419 22,443 22,572 22,914
Wyoming 1,539 1,542 1,487 1,641 1,630 1,765 2,096 2,035 1,927 1,704 1,743 2,092 2,162 2,187 2,288 2,369 2,400
Note: State methods of enumeration may change over time. Consult the state notes for particular years to ensure parity between years and jurisdictions. As of December 31, 2001, sentenced felons from the District of Columbia are the responsibility of the Federal Bureau of Prisons.
a/Counts based on all prisoners in custody, regardless of sentence length. Counts include inmates held in state- or privately-operated prison facilities.
b/Prisons and jails form one integrated system. Data include total jail and prison populations.
c/State includes county prisons in custody count.
Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics, National Prisoner Statistics Program, 1999-2015.
Suggested Citation: Bureau of Justice Statistics. (Insert table title). Generated using the Corrections Statistical Analysis Tool at www.bjs.gov.